What is the Ankara Agreement (ECAA)?
Relations between Turkey and the European Union began in 1959 with Turkey’s application for membership in the European Economic Community. As a result of the negotiations, on 12 September 1963, the European Community cooperation agreement (ECAA) (Ankara Agreement) was signed in Ankara between the countries belonging to the European Common Market of the period (Germany, France and Benelux) and Turkey. The treaty, which entered into force as of 01 December 1964, provides that the laws, regulations and practices applicable to the parties at the date of signature shall also apply to the signatory countries in the following years.
In the second article of the agreement, the aim was stated as “to encourage the rapid development of the Turkish economy and the continuous and balanced strengthening of the trade and economic relations between the parties, taking into account the need to ensure the improvement of the working level and living conditions of the Turkish people”.
Following its accession to the EU in 1973, the same year the UK was included in the agreement, and the British Ministry of Home Affairs recognised that ECAA visas could be issued to Turkish citizens. In this context, citizens of the Republic of Turkey have earned the right to apply for a type of visa called Turkish Business Person Visa.